The FoFS Tracker for DSA Enforcement compiles the investigations undertaken by the European Commission on Very Large Online Platforms (VLOPs) and Very Large Online Search Engines (VLOSEs) following the entry into force of the Digital Services Act (DSA). The tracker has been prepared by The Future of Free Speech (FoFS), based on the press releases published by the European Commission. FFS focuses on researching and advocating for freedom of expression globally. For more information, visit

For any doubts or comments regarding this tracker, please contact Jacob Mchangama ( and Jordi Calvet Bademunt (